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COPYRIGHT, 19Z6, BY 
A. S. BARNES AND COMPANY 



PKTNTED IN THE UNITED STATES 0? AMEBICA 



FOREWORD 

THROUGHOUT our whole nation, the country people have kept alive the 
dances which the pioneers brought West with them and which, in earlier 
times, had been brought from other lands. They have had a great place, 
indeed, in the recreation of people who were more or less isolated. It 
would be difficult to estimate their value in pioneer days in keeping up the 
spirit and hope of the people through all the hardships which they had 
to endure. 

Because I believe all Americans should know, and be able to do the folk 
dancing which belongs to America, and because I feel that these group 
dances have great value in modern recreation on account of the sociability 
which must accompany them, I have made this collection. 
" The descriptions of the dances I have secured from people who have 
done them in the earlier days and from students who have come from homes 
where they have been kept alive. I wish to express my sincere appreciation 
to my many friends for their interest and help; and I desire especially to 
mention Mrs. Frances Bliss, Miss Antoinette Faucher, and Mr. John 
Moriarity for their special efforts; Mr, Robert Benford for music arrange 
ments. 

GRACE L. RYAN. 

NOTE: It is my suggestion, if one wishes to give a party consisting mainly 
of pioneer dances, that it be announced as an old-fashioned dancing party. 
It has been my experience in introducing such numbers at a modern dancing 
party that a few who do not care to take part spoil the spirit of the party. 
On the other hand the so-called l 'old-fashioned dancing" parties have been 
most successful. 



CONTENTS 

PAGE 

FOREWORD iii 

PREFACE vii 

DEFINITIONS OF TERMS I A 

QUADRILLES 5-45 

LONGWAYS DANCES 46-55 

CIRCLE DANCES 56-59 

COUPLF DANCES 60-68 

INDEX TO DANCES AND Music 67-70 



PREFACE 

IN choosing physical activities for hygienic and educational purposes it 
is wise to consider recreative values. Unless activities are attractive, they 
will not be performed with the vigor and spirit they should have, and so will 
fail to accomplish anything except to pass away the time. What is quite as 
important, when we teach physical activities that do not appeal to the 
pupils, we may be sure they will not employ their leisure time in practicing 
them, and in fact will be led to dislike all physical activity and to devote 
their leisure to passive sensory pleasures. 

Since physical educators have come to appreciate the full force 
of the principle just stated they have been studying the problem of what 
activities are best suited to the needs and the tastes of all ages and groups 
of children and youth. In the early elementary school imitative and rhyth 
mic activities have been found to have strongest appeal and have been 
developed accordingly. While boys gradually lose their enjoyment of rhyth 
mic plays, girls keep up an interest in this form of activity almost indefinitely. 
To meet the need for rhythmic activities suited to older girls, folk dances 
gathered from many foreign lands are used. Miss Elizabeth Burchenal has 
done great service for physical education by traveling all over Europe and 
collecting these dances for the use of American teachers. 

In the pioneer days in this country, dances were used that correspond 
closely to the folk dances of other countries, although the time for their 
development was much shorter. Dances brought from the former home 
lands of the pioneers were tried, modified to suit the conditions of the 
time and environment, and became the popular physical activities of several 
generations of young people. The ambitious spirit and the physical vigor 
of the pioneers left their impress on these dances and made them, like the 
folk dances of older nations, especially suitable for physical education. 

Miss Ryan has been interested in collecting and arranging the dances that 
grew up in the pioneer conditions of the Middle West. She found by actual 
experience that dances of local origin, both in their form and in the type 
and spirit of the rhythm, have an appeal to girls of the Middle West greater 
than European folk dances. It was, in fact, because she found the girls in 
her college classes so fond of them, that she was led to make this collection 
and to study the precise ways in which the tunes and steps were employed. 



viii - PREFACE 

Teachers of physical education for women, especially in the Middle West, 
will welcome gladly this new contribution to the store of material and will 
find it of exceptional value. 

W. P. BOWEN. 
Ypsilanti, January, 1926. 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 

DEFINITIONS OF TERMS 
Alemande Left 

May be given while couples are in quadrille or circle formation, and all 
couples execute it at the same time in the same manner. The boy turns to 
the girl at his left, takes her left hand in his, puts his right hand at her back, 
and turns her once around, both falling back to places. 

Alemande Right 

This also is given while couples are in quadrille or circle formation. 
Each boy passes behind his partner to the girl on his right, takes her right 
hand in his and turns her once around. He returns to his own partner, 
takes her left hand in his and turns her once around to place. 

Balance 

This term has a variety of meanings: 

L Partners face. Each takes a short slide right on count 1; swing 
left foot across right and point, count 2. Repeat left 2 counts. 

2. Dancers take two steps toward each other, and two steps back 
4 counts. 

3. Balance four. This is executed where two couples are facing each 
other. Partners join both hands and chasse, or walk across to 
opposite place, turn about and return in the same manner to place. 

4. Balance one couple to the next couple: Partners join inside hands 
and chasse or walk to a position in front of the next couple at their 
right. 

Cast Off 

Couples are arranged in longways formation when this term is used. 
The active couple advances one place nearer the foot of the set by merely 
stepping behind one couple to a position below them. 



G 



2 DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 

Chasse 

The term has reference to a movement which is used in all country danc 
ing; namely, a sliding step, keeping one foot ahead of the other slide-close, 
slide-close, etc. 

Do-Si-Do or Dos-A-Dos 

Dancers facing. They advance and pass right shoulders continuing on 
around each other back to back, returning to original places. 

Grand Chain 

See "Grand Right and Left." 

Grand Right and Left 

The dancers are in quadrille or circle formation. Partners face and 
give right hand to each other. Passing by, each give left hand to the next 
dancer, right to the next, and so on around the circle until all have reached 
original places. As partners meet each other one half way around, they 
salute. 

Grand Right and Left With an Elbow Swing 

Same as Grand Right and Left, only dancers hook elbows instead of 
joining hands, and swing completely around each time. 

Honor Partners 

Partners bow to each other. 

Honor Corners 

The dancers are in quadrille formation. The girl of each couple bows to 
the dancer at her right, and the boy to the dancer at his left. 

"Ladies Chain" or "Ladies Change" 

Two couples facing. The girls advance toward each other and give right 
hands; passing by, each gives her left hand to the opposite boy who turns 
her half around. Repeat, returning to original partner. (.When the girls 
do not return, the figure is called "Ladies Half Chain.") 

Ladies Double Chain 

The four girls of the set advance to the center, join right hands in a 
"star formation," circle one half, and give left hand to opposite boy, who 
turns the girl one half around. 

Repeat, returning to own partners. 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 3 

Longways Formation 

Couples are arranged in two lines facing; generally with the girls on one 
side and the boys on the other. 

G 1 G 2 G 3 G 4 G 5 G 6 

ia z& e a: *a sa 9 a 

Pay Address 

Same as "Honor partners." 

Promenade 

Girls take partner's right arm and advance around the set with walking 
for chasse steps. 

Promenade Across 

Same as "Balance four." 

Quadrille Formation 

Four couples facing a hollow square. 

i 
G B 

3 

M o w < 

a o 

in 

Right and Left 

This is executed by two couples facing each other. They advance with 
walking or "chasse" steps to meet each other and pass through, the boys 
going outside. 

G B 

tj, tj, 

a o 

After passing through, the boy of each couple takes his lady's left 
hand in his and turns her about. The couples pass through again, returning 
to original places. Sometimes when a couple is advancing around the set, 
they Right and Left one-half, that is: pass through once only. 

Salute Partners 

Same as "Honor Partners." 



4 DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 

Set 

The "set" has reference to the dance formation. For instance, a quadrille 
or a longways formation may each be spoken of as a "set." 

Star With Right Hand 

Four people join right hands and circle either with walking or "chasse" 
steps. 

G 

/ ^ \ 



\ t 

G 



Star With Left Hand 



Same as Star with Right Hand, only join left hands and turn the opposite 
direction. 

Star With Eight Hands 

Two people face and join both hands. Two others join both hands over 
the joined hands of the first two ; circle left. 

Swing Partners 

Boy takes girl in regular dance position, holding her at his right. The 
"swing" is a whirl, partners keeping right feet side by side, pushing with 
left foot. Sometimes called the "Buzz Step." 



QUADRILLES 

The "square dance" has probably had the foremost place in pioneer 
dancing. The quadrille at one time consisted of four and five different 
parts, but it was cut down to three changes in practically all communities, 
and now, where the dances still have a part in the social life of the people, 
they are being done in three parts or changes. The first change does not 
vary much, there being two or three rather set figures for it. The second 
change has great variety and is the most interesting figure of the quadrille. 
The third change is called the "Jig Figure" and is the most active figure 
of the three. The "caller" does not use the three changes in any set 
form, but uses any first change, any second change and any Jig together. 
Couples I and III are known as the head couples, and II and IV, the side 
couples. 

i 
G B 



a o 

in 

I have inserted six quadrilles with the three parts grouped together and 
I have also put in several extra second and third changes which may be used 
in any grouping which one desires. 

The music should be played in good brisk time. Practically any good 
double or sextuple measure may be used. It is customary to play through 
eight measures of the music before each change, to give the dancer an idea 
of the rhythm. 

In the quadrilles, I have indicated the number of counts which each 
movement takes. The dancers do not change figures by count, however; 
they await the "call.' 7 So to make the dance interesting, the caller must 
be prompt, calling the next change before the dancers finish the one which 
they are executing. 

5 



QUADRILLE I 

First Change 
Formation Quadrille 

CALL 

"Honor your partner, 
Corners the same. 

Head couples Right and Left through, 
Right and Left back. 
Promenade across, 
Promenade back. 
Change your ladies, 
Change them back. 
Promenade across, 
Right and left back." 

Partners honor each other, and all turn and salute corners at the be 
ginning of each quadrille. 



Couples I and III change positions with a Right and Left 8 counts 

Return 8 counts 

II 

Couples I and III change positions with a promenade 8 counts 

Return 8 counts 

III 
Couples I and III, Ladies chain 16 counts 

IV 

Couples I and III change positions with a promenade 8 counts 

Return with a Right and Left 8 counts 

Alemande Left Grand Right and Left. 

Repeat the dance with Couples II and IV. 

7 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 
Second Change 

CALL 

"First couple lead to the right 
Take your lady by the wrist 
Around next lady with a grape vine twist; 
Back to the center with a whoa-haw-gee, 
And around the gent whom you did not see, 
Circle four and lead to the next/' etc. 



Boy of Couple I takes his partner's left hand in his right, leads 
her to Couple II, then completely around girl of Couple II, 
passing outside .................................... 16 counts 

"First couple lead up to the right 
Take your lady by the wrist, 
Around next lady with a grape vine twist." 

G 1 B 1 



* 



e a s o 
ii 

B * leads his partner to the center; makes a turn left; then right; 

and leads back between G 2 and B 2 , completely around B 2 16 counts 

"Back to the center with a whoa-haw-gee, 
And around the gent whom you did not see." 

Ill 

Couples I and II join hands and circle once left, and B * leads the three 
to Couple III. 

"Circle four and lead to the next." 

IV 

Repeat the "grape vine twist" with Couple III. 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 9 

V 

Finishing the twist, Couples I, II, and III join hands and circle once left 
and lead to Couple IV. 

"Circle six and lead to the next." 

VI 

Repeat the twist with Couple IV, finishing with the eight circling once 
left to places. 

VII 

Alemande Left and a Grand Right and Left 
All promenade around circle once. 

Repeat all three times, each couple leading in turn, as: 

"Second couple lead to right 
Take your lady by the wrist," etc. 



Jig 

CALL 

"All join hands and circle to the left, 
Ladies balance to the right and swing. 
Again to the right and swing. 
Again to the right and swing. 
Again to the right and swing partners. 
Alemande Left" 

I 

The four couples join hands and circle left 16 counts 

II 

Four girls lead to the right and swing with the boy of the next 

couple 16 counts 

Repeat on around the set finishing by swinging with own partners 48 counts 

III 
Repeat I 16 counts 



10 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 




"SWING PARTNERS" 

In quadrilles partners always swing fol 
lowing an "Alemande Left" unless it is 
followed by a "Grand Right and Left," 
The "Grand Right and Left" is always 
followed by partners swinging. 



IV 

The four boys lead to the right and swing with the girl of the next 

couple , 16 counts 

Repeat around the set. . 48 counts 

Alemande Left and promenade away, 



QUADRILLE II 

Music same as for Quadrille I 
Formation Quadrille 

CALL. 

"Honor partners, 
Corners the same. 

Head couples Right and Left across. 
Side couples Right and Left across. 
Head couples Right and Left back. 
Side couples Right and Left back. 
Heads balance across. 
Sides balance across. 
Heads balance back. 
Sides balance back. 
Heads Ladies chain across. 
Sides Ladies chain across. 
Heads Ladies chain to place. 
Sides Ladies chain to place. 
Heads balance across. 
Sides balance across. 
Heads Right and Left back. 
Sides Right and Left back. 
Alemande Left. 
Right hands to partner and a Grand Right and Left." 



I 



Couples I and III change positions with a Right and Left... 8 counts 

Couples II and IV, the same. 8 counts 

II 

Couples I and III return to place with a Right and Left 8 counts 

Couples II and IV, the same 8 counts 



12 DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 

III 

Couples I and III change positions with a balance 8 counts 

Couples II and IV, the same 8 counts 

IV 

Couples I and III return to place with a balance 8 counts 

Couples II and IV, the same 8 counts 

V 

Couples I and III change ladies 8 counts 

Couples II and IV, the same 8 counts 

VI 

Couples I and III, ladies change to place 8 counts 

Couples II and IV, the same 8 counts 

VII 

Couples I and III change positions with a balance 8 counts 

Couples II and IV, the same 8 counts 

VIII 

Couples I and III return to positions with a Right and Left 8 counts 

Couples II and IV, the same 8 counts 

Alemande Left 

Grand Right and Left. 

(Second Change) 

CALL 

"Head couples forward and back, 
Forward again and form a line ol four. 
Right and Left back. 
Head couples forward and back 
Forward again and hold. 
Side four right and left, 
Balance four, 
Ladies chain, 
Promenade across, 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 13 

Heads circle four, 
Right and Left to place." 



Couple I forward and back 8 counts 

Forward again and form a line of four with Couple III, facing 

the head of the set 8 counts 



(Head) 

* 

O 

B 1 G 3 B 3 G 1 



II 

*"*' Couples I and III advance in a line forward and back .......... 8 counts 

.^-Forward again and hold in the center of the set .............. 8 counts 

f) 

Head 

* O 






O 



Ill 

(YlCouples II and IV Right and Left .16 counts 

B 1 G 3 B 3 G 1 * 



IV 

Couples II and IV balance across and back 16 counts 

(Couple IV balances across, passing in front of the line of four, and back 
behind it. Couple II balances across behind the line and back in front of it.) 



14 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 



"BALANCE POUR" 
Quadrille II, Figure IV of second change. 



Couples II and IV, Ladies chain 16 counts 

(Girl of couple IV crossing in front of the line, returning behind; girl of 
Couple II crossing behind, returning in front.) 

VI 
Couples II and IV balance across and Right and Left back 16 counts 



VII 

Couples I and III join hands and circle once left, then Right and 

Left to original places 16 counts 

Alemande Left. 

Repeat the dance with the side couples forming the line. 



Jig 

CALL 

"All join hands and circle to the left, 
Heads balance across and back. 
Sides the same, 
All swing partners and promenade away." 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 15 

I 
All join hands and circle to the left 16 counts 

II 
Couples I and III balance across and back 16 counts 

III 
Couples II and IV balance across and back 16 counts 

IV 

All swing partners and promenade away. 



QUADRILLE III 

Music same as for Quadrille I 
First change same as first change of Quadrille I 

Second Change 

CALL 

"First couple lead to the right, 
Circle four. 

Leave your lady and lead to the next; 
Circle three. 

Take that lady and lead to the next, 
Circle four. 

Leave that lady and lead away home. 
Head gents forward and back. 
Forward again with a do-si-do. 
Side six forward and back; 
Do it again with the right hand over and the 
left hand under," etc. 

I 

Couole I lead to Couple II, join hands and circle once left 8 counts 

II 

Boy of Couple I leaves his partner and advances to Couple III, 

where the three join hands and circle left. 8 counts 

III 

Boy of Couple I now takes girl of Couple III with him to Couple 

IV, where the four circle left 8 counts 

16 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 17 

IV . 
Leaving girl of Couple IV, the boy leads to his original position. . 8 counts 

B 1 

O 
O 

* JDd 

pq * 

O 

o 



v 

B * and B 3 forward and back ........... . .................. 8 counts 

VI 

B x and B 3 do-si-do ....... '. ......................... . ---- 8 counts 

VII 
Side six forward and back ....... . .......................... 8 counts 

VIII 

The six advance again and B 2 turns G 2 to B * and G 1 to B s , G l passing 
under the raised arms of B 2 and G 2 . 
B 4 does likewise, passing G 3 to B % and G 4 toB 3 ............ 8 counts 

' G 2 B x G 3 

w w 



IX 

B 2 and B 4 repeat as V and VI above ...................... 16 counts 



18 DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 

. X 

B x and B 3 repeat as in VII and VIII above 16 counts 

B 1 

O <2 

td 
PQ * 

o 

*a: 

Figures V, VI, VII, VIII, repeat two more times; the last time each boy 
turns his own partner to place. 

Alemande Left. 

Grand Right and Left with elbow swing. 

Jig 

CALL 

"All join hands and forward and back, 
Swing on the corner, 
Swing partners all, 
Swing corner lady and promenade the hall/' 

I 

Join hands in circle of eight and forward and back 8 counts 

II , 
Each boy swings the girl at his left 8 counts 

III 
Each swings his own partner. g counts 

IV 
Each swings left hand girl again and she becomes his new partner 8 counts 

V 

All promenade once around the set 16 counts 

The dance repeats until each boy promenades with his original partner. 



QUADRILLE IV 

First change same as first change of Quadrille I 
Second Change 

CALLER'S SONG 

"First couple lead up to the right, 
Balance there so kindly, 
Pass right through and balance two, 
And swing with the girl behind you. 
Take that lady and balance to the next, 
Balance there so kindly, 
Pass right through, and balance two, 
And swing with the girl behind you." 

The caller usually sings this to the tune "The Girl I Left Behind Me. J " 
For that reason I have called it "Caller's Song." 

I 

Couple I lead to Couple II and balance 8 counts 

"Fipt couple lead up to the right, 
Balance there so kindly." 

II 

Couple I pass through Couple II, couples finishing back to back. . 4 counts 
"Pass right through and balance two." 

Boy of Couple I turns and swings girl of Couple II, while boy of 

Couple II and girl of Couple I swing 4 counts 

"And swing with the girl behind you." 

Boy of Couple I continues on around the set, taking a new lady at each 
couple until he reaches his original place. 
Finish with an Alemande Left, and a Grand Right and Left 32 counts 

19 



20 DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 

The dance repeats, boy of Couple II progressing on around the set, taking 
a new lady at each couple until he reaches his original place. 
, The dance continues until each boy has completed the circuit. 
Finish with an Alemande Left, and a Grand Right and Left. 



Jig 

I (8 MEASURES) 
Partners stand in position 8 counts 

"I'm Captain Jinks of the Horse Marines, 
I feed my horse on corn and beans/' 

Partners face each other and bow 4 counts 

"Salute your partner if you're not green" 

Stand in position 4 counts 

"For that's the style in the army" 

II (8 MEASURES) 
Join hands in circle of eight and move left, walking steps 16 counts 

"All join hands and circle to the left, 
Circle to the left, circle to the left, 
All join hands and circle to the left 
For that's the style in the Army." 

Ill (8 MEASURES) 

Partners stand in position 4 counts 

"Captain Jinks got tight last night." 

Boys pass to lady of the Couple at the Right 4 counts 

"The gentleman passes to the right." 
Boys swing new partners , 8 counts 

"Then swing your lady with all your might 
For that's the style in the army." 

Repeat from beginning until boys have reached original places. 



QUARDILLE V 

First Change 
Formation Quadrille 

CALL 

"First foiir forward and pay address; 
Turn to the right and address; 
Turn to the left and address; 
Back to place and address partners. 
Alemande left." 

I 

Couples I and III forward and salute 8 counts 

II 

Couples I and III turn to face the couple at their right and salute 8 counts 

III 

Couples I and III turn to the couple at their left and salute 8 counts 

IV 

Couples I and III back to place and all salute partners. 
Alemande left and a Grand Right and Left. 

Second Change 

CALLER'S SONG 

"The head two gents cross over and by the opposite stand; 
The side two gents cross over and all join hands; 
Honors on the corners, 
Salute your partners all, 
Swing with the corner lady, and promenade the hall." 

21 



22 DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 

I (8 MEASURES) 

Boys of Couples I and III change places 8 counts 

"The head two gents cross over and by the opposite stand." 

Boys of Couples II and IV change places 4 counts 

"The side two gents cross over 57 

Join hands in circle of eight 4 counts 

"And all join hands." 

Boys turn and salute the girl at the left 4 counts 

"Honors on the corner." 

All salute partners 4 counts 

"Salute your partners all." 

Boys swing with the girl at the left 4 counts 

"Swing with the corner lady," 



Finishing the swing with the corner lady, the boy takes her hand 

on his arm ready for a promenade 4 counts 

"And promenade the hall." 



II 

All promenade once around the set as the song repeats 8 measures. 

Repeat the dance until boys promenade with original partners. 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 23 

Jig 

CALL 

"All join hands and circle to the left 
Heads balance across and back 
Sides balance across and back 
Swing partners all, and promenade away." 

I 
All join hands and circle left 16 counts 

II 
Couples I and III balance across and back 16 counts 

III 

Couples II and IV balance across and back 16 counts 

IV 
All swing partners and promenade away. 



QUADRILLE VI 

First Change 
Music same as for Quadrille I 

CALL 

"Heads Right and Left 
Balance and turn partners 
Ladies chain, and promenade." 

I 
Couples I and III, Right and Left 16 counts 

II 
Couples I and III, Balance to partners and swing 16 counts 

III 
Couples I and III, Ladies chain 16 counts 

IV 

All couples promenade once around the set 16 counts 

Repeat all with side couples leading. 

Second Change 

CALL 

"First couple lead up to the right 
Make a star with an eight-hand cross. 
Ladies bow, gents know how, 
Hold your holds and get there now. 
Circle four. 

Right and Left through and lead to the next." 
24 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 



25 



Couple I leads to Couple II. Girls clasp hands. Boys clasp hands 

over the joined hands of the girls 8 counts 

"First couple lead up to the right. 
Make a star with an eight-hand cross." 

II 

Boys, keeping hands joined, swing arms over the girl's heads and 

encircle them 4 counts 

Girls do likewise with boys 4 counts 

"Ladies bow, gents know how, 

Hold your holds and get there now." 




"HOLD YOUR HOLDS AND GET THERE NOW." 
Quadrille VI, Figure II, of second change. 

Ill 
In this formation, the group circles left with sliding steps 8 counts 

IV 

Couples I and II join hands and circle one-half left 4 counts 

Couple I Right and Left half with Couple II and lead to Couple 

III 4 counts 



26 DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 

Couple I repeats the dance with Couples III and IV, as with II. 

When Couple I reaches original place, all Alemande Left 8 counts 

Grand Right and Left 16 counts 

The whole figure is repeated until Couples II and III and IV have 
also been entirely around the set. 



Jig 
CALL 

"All join hands and circle to the left, 
Ladies in the center with a right hand star, 
Circle one-half and swing the gentleman there. 
Ladies in the center with a left hand star, 
Circle one-half and swing where you are." 



All join hands and circle once left 16 counts 



II 

The four girls form a star in the center with right hands and 

circle one-half around 8 counts 

Each girl now swings with boy opposite her partner 8 counts 



III 

Girls form a star with left hands and circle one-half around 8 counts 

Girls swing partners 8 counts 

Alemande Left, and swing partners 16 counts 

Repeat all, the boys forming the star in the center. 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 27 

EXTRA SECOND CHANGES 
Second Change 1 
CALL 

"Head couples lead to the right, 
Change partners and chasse out. 
Right and Left. 
Balance four. 
Ladies chain, 

Balance one-half and chasse by one couple. 
Forward four and back. 
Forward and swing partners to place." 

I 

Couples I and III lead to II and IV respectively .............. 8 counts 

The following description is for Couples I and II. 

Couples III and IV are executing the same figures at the same time. 

II 

Couples I and II change partners, and each leads his new partner 

to the following position ............................ 8 counts 



III 

B l and G 2 do a complete Right and Left with B 2 and G l } 

while ........................ 16 counts 

B 3 and G 4 do the same with B 4 and G 3 

IV 

B 2 and G l balance across and back with B l and G 2 , 

while ........................ 16 counts 

B 3 and G 4 do the same with B 4 and G 3 . 

V 

Same couples as above, Ladies chain ........................ 16 counts 

VI 
B 2 and G 1 , and B l and G 2 change sides with a balance 

while ............................ 8 counts 

B 3 and G 4 , and B 4 and G 3 do the same. 



28 DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 

G 2 B 1 G 3 B* 



B l and G 2 chasse by G 3 and B 4 

while ............................ 8 counts 

B 2 and G x chasse by B 3 and G * 

G 3 B 4 G 2 B 1 



VII 

All forward and back .................................... 8 counts 

Forward again, each boy takes his own partner and swings her to 

place ............................................ 8 counts 

VIII 
All promenade around the set ............................. 16 counts 

Second Change 2 
CALL 

"First couple lead to the right, 
Two gents in the center with an elbow swing 
Opposite lady the same old thing, 
Back in the center with an elbow swing, 
Swing your partner with a pigeon swing, 
Circle one-half, and Right and Left to the next," etc. 

I 

Couple I leads to Couple II ................... . ........... 8 counts 

II 
Boys hook elbows and swing once around .................... 8 counts 

III 

Each boy now hooks left elbow with the opposite girl and swings 

her once around ...................... . ............ 8 counts 

IV 
Repeat II ......................................... . ____ 8 counts 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 29 

V 
Each boy swings his own partner with left elbow .............. 8 counts 

VI 

Couples I and II join hands and circle one-half around, then Right 

and Left half, Couple I leading on to the next couple .......... 8 counts 

Repeat with each couple. 
Finish with: 

Grand Right and Left with the elbow swing. 

Second Change 3 

I 

Couple I forward and back ........................... .... 8 counts 

Forward again and circle one-half with Couple III ............ 8 counts 

II 

Couple I Right and Left half with Couple III ................ 8 counts 

Girl of Couple I passes to her right to join hands with Couple II 

while boy of Couple I goes to join with Couple IV ...... 8 counts 

III 

The two groups of three do-si-do, circling as they do so ........ 16 counts 






* O -> 

o 



G 3 B 3 

IV 

Boy and girl of Couple I leave the side couples and circle one-half 

with couple III .................... . .............. 8 counts 

Couple I Right and Left half with Couple III ................ 8 counts 

Girl of Couple I passes to Couple IV and the boy to Couple II. . 8 counts 

V 
Side threes do-si-do ...................................... 16 counts 



30 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 




< TWO GROUPS OP THREE DO-SI-DO, CIRCLING AS THEY 'DO SO." 

Figure III of second change 3. 

VI 

Boy and girl of Couple I leave side couples, circle one-half with 

Couple III, and Right and Left to place 16 counts 

Alemande Left and swing partners '. 16 counts 

Repeat the dance with each couple as leaders 



Second Change 4 
CALL 

"First couple lead up to the. right,' 
Birdie in the center and three hands round, 
Birdie fly out and Hockey fly in; 

Hockey fly out and give Birdie a swing, 

Circle four. 

Right and left through and lead to the next." 



Couple I lead to Couple II . 

"First couple lead up to the right." 



8 counl 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 31 

II 

Couple II and boy of Couple I join hands and circle once left 

around girl of Couple I 8 counts 

"Birdie in the center and three hands round. 3 ' 

Ill 

Boy of Couple I changes places with his partner. The three circle 

left 8 counts 

"Birdie fly out and Hockey fly in." 

IV 

Boys of Couples I and II swing their partners 8 counts 

"Hockey fly out and give Birdie a swing." 

V 

Couples I and II join hands and circle one-half left; then half 

Right and Left, Couple I passing on to Couple III . . 8 count 

The dance repeats until Couple I has reached original place. 
Finish with: 

1 Alemande left and a Grand Right and Left. 



Second Change 5 

CALL 

"First couple lead up to the right 
Chasse right behind that couple, 
With the right hand across 
And the left hand back, 
Chasse back the same old track, 
Promenade down the center and back. 
Circle four. 
Right and left to the next." 

I 

Couple I leads to Couple II 8 coun 

"First couple lead up to the right." 



32 DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 

II 

Couple I separate, the boy going to his left and the girl to her 

right, around Couple II 8 counts 

"Chasse right behind that couple," 

III 
Taking right hands they pass each other, turn and pass back, taking 

left hands 8 counts 

"With the right hand across and the left hand back." 

IV 

Boy and girl chasse to meet each other again in front of Couple II 8 counts 
"Chasse back the same old track." 

V 

Couple I join hands and promenade down and back between girl 

and boy of Couple II 8 counts 

"Promenade down the center and back." 

VI 
Couple I and II circle one-half left 4 counts 

Then 

Half Right and Left, couple I passing on to Couple III .... 4 counts 

Repeat the above until Couple I has reached original position. 

Finish with: 

Alemande right, and Grand right and left. 



Second Change 6 

CALL 

"First lady swing right hand man with the right hand around. 
Partner with the left hand, left hand around. 
Lady in the center and seven hands around, 
Lady swing partner and everybody swing." 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 33 

I 

Girl of Couple I faces boy of Couple II, takes his right hand in 

hers and turns him one-half around 8 counts 

She now gives her left hand to her own partner and turns him 

one-half around 8 counts 



II 

Girl of Couple I steps into the center of the set and the other 

seven circle to the left 16 counts 



III 

Girl of Couple I swings with her partner, and all couples swing . . 16 counts 

IV 

All promenade once around the set 16 count? 

Repeat three times, the girl of the next couple leading each time. 
Finish with: 

Alemande Left. 

Right hand to partner and left hand to next. 

Reverse and give left hand to partner, and Alemande Left. 



Second Change 7 

CALL 

"First couple lead up to the right 
Dos-a-ballonette and gents contra-dance; 
Break with the right, swing with the left, 
Circle four once and a half 
And Right and Left to the next." 



Couple I leads to Couple II, and Right and Left one-half. 
Couples I and II then face each other and join hands in a circle of 

four 16 counts 



34 DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 

II 

The two boys drop hands with the girls and change places, joining 
hands again, with their backs toward the center of the 
circle of four 16 counts 

Each boy drops hand with the girl at his right and swings the 

girl at his left 16 counts 

III 

Couples I and II circle four, once and a half around, then Half 

Right and Left, Couple I passing on to Couple III 16 counts 

The first couple continues on around the set. 
Finish with: 

Alemande Left 

and 

* 
Promenade around the set. 



Second Change 8 

CALL 

"First couple lead up to the right, 
Lady go round and gent cut through, 
Gent go round and Lady cut through, 
Circle four and lead to the next." 



Couple I lead to Couple II, G x going around outside B 2 , B x fol 
lowing. G 1 continues on around G 2 , B x cuts through be 
tween B 2 and G 2 . 

B * now leads around outside B 2 , G * following. B x continues on 
around G 2 , B l cutting through between B 2 and G 2 

(This brings Couple I to a position facing Couple II) .......... 16 counts 



. cr ~ 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 35 

II 

Couples I and II join hands and circle one-half left, then Right 

and Left, Couples I leading on to Couples III 16 counts 

Couple I continues on around the set to place. 

The dance repeats until all couples have also completed the circuit. 
Finish with: 

Alemande Left 

and 
Grand Right and Left. 



Second Change 9 

CALL 

"First couple lead up to the right, 
Lady around lady and gent go slow, 
Lady around gent and gent don't go, 
Circle four and lead to the next," etc. 



Couple I lead to Couple II. G 1 followed by B x , leads around 

G 2 , passing between G 2 and B 2 16 counts 



II 

G * now leads around B 2 , while* B I stands in place in front of 

Couple II " - 16 counts 



III 

Couples I and II join hands and circle one-half, then Right and 

Left half, Couple I leading on to Couple III. 
Repeat with each couple. 
Repeat all, each couple leading in turn. 
Finish with: 

Alemande Left 

and 
Grand Right and Left. 



36 DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 

Second Change 10 

CALL 

"All join hands and circle to the left, 
Head two couples lead to the right, 
Circle four hands a half 
And Right and Left eight, 
Alemande Left, 
Grand Right and Left. 
One-half around with elbow swing, 
Swing partners and promenade back." 

I 
All circle left. 16 counts 



II 

Couples I and III lead to the right and circle half with Couples II 

and IV respectively 16 counts 



- ^ , ^ o 

o . a . " 



III 

The four couples now Right and Left the width of the set, swing 
ing into original places when they finish 32 counts 

(If desired this Right and Left may be the width of the hall, taking in 
other sets.) 

IV 

Alemande Left 

Grand Right and Left 32 counts 

Repeat the above four figures with the side couples leading up to the 
right. If desired the Right and Left may be the whole length of the hall, 
with all other sets which are in line. 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 37 

Second Change 11 

CALL 

"First couple around the set, 
Right and Left with the couple they meet. 
Ladies chain. 
Balance four. 
Alemande left, 
Swing partners to place." 



I 
Couple I promenade around outside the set 16 counts 



II 

Couple I Right and Left with Couple II 

while 16 counts 

Couple III and IV do likewise. 



Ill 

Ladies Chain, Couple Land II 

while 16 counts 

Ladies chain, Couples III and IV. 



IV 

Balance across and back, Couples I and II 

while 16 counts 

Balance across and back, Couples III and IV. 

V 

Alemande Left and swing partners to place. 16 counts 

Repeat all, with each successive couple around the outside, etc. 



38 DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 

Second Change 12 

CALL 

"First couple lead to the right, 
Form a star with the right hand across, 
Left hand back and don't get lost. 
Circle four and Right and Left six, 
Lead to the next," etc. 



Couple I lead to Couple II, from a right hand star and circle once 16 counts 

Reverse with a left hand star 16 counts 

Circle four, one-half left and Right and Left six. 

(Couples I, II and IV) the width of the set 32 counts 



^ . <- 

i - ^ 



II 

Couples I and II circle one-half left, and Right and Left, Couple I 
leading on to Couple III, where "I" is repeated. Instead of "Right and 
Left Six" here, the call is "Duck and Dive the length of the hall." This 
is executed much as a "Right and Left" the length of the hall, the difference 
being that partners join inside hands and pass under the raised hands of the 
couple whom they are facing, then raise hands for advancing couple to pass 
under, thus alternating over and under the length of the room. Couple I in 
each set goes "over" first. When a couple reaches the end of the room, 
the boy turns his partner about and they return under and over to place. 



JIG FIGURE I 

CALL 

"All join hands and circle to the left. 
Circle to the right, ladies in the lead. 
Ladies in the center back to back 
Gents around the outside track. 
Salute your partners, and swing with the next," etc. 



I 
All circle left, hands joined 16 counts 

II 
All circle right, single file, girls leading 16 counts 



III 

Girl steps into the center of the set facing outside 

while 16 counts 

Boys circle in file around the set; 



IV 

When boys reach own partners, they salute and swing with the 

next girl 16 countb 

Boys circle again, salute partners whom they have swung, and 
swing with the next. This continues until each boy swings 
with his original partner. 

The dance then repeats with the boys in the center. 
Finish with: 

Alemande Left. 

All promenade away. 

39 



40 DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 

JIG FIGURE 2 

CALL 

"First couple up to the right. 
Circle four hands round. 
Lead to the next and circle six hands round. 
Lead to the next and circle eight hands round. 
Alemande Left." 

Couple I lead up to Couple II and circle once left 16 counl 

Couples I and II, keeping hands joined, advance to Couple III 

and circle six, once left 16 count 

Couples I, II and III lead to Couple IV and all circle to the left. . 16 counl 

(This brings all back to original places.) 
Alemande Left and swing partners 16 count 

Repeat until each couple has been the leader; then all promenade an 
lead away. 

JIG FIGURE 3 

All join hands and circle to the left 16 count 

Same right 16 coun t 

Forward all and back 8 count 

Forward again and salute g count 

All promenade away. 



JIG FIGURE 4 

"First couple lead to the right, 
Swing with the opposite and swing her alone, 
Swing with the one you call your own, 
Swing with the opposite and don't be afraid, 
Swing your partner and half promenade." 



B 1 leads G * up to Couple II g coimt 

G 1 swings with B 2 and B * with G 2 8 count 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 41 

B x swings with G 1 8 counts 

B * swings G 2 : and B 2 with G x 8 counts 

B a swings G 1 8 counts 

B x and G l promenade to Couple III, 



II 

Repeat I with Couples III and IV. 

Repeat all, Couples II, III and IV making the circuit. 
Finish with: 

All promenade. 



WALTZ QUADRILLE I 

Music, any good Waltz 

First Change 



Honors to corners 4 measures 

Honors to partners 4 measures 

IL 
Couples I and III forward and back, waltzing steps 8 measures 

III 

Couples I and III waltz with partners once around the set 8 measures 

IV 

Each boy of Couples I and III turns to the girl at his left 

and waltzes with her once around the set 8 measures 

Repeat I, II, III and IV with the side couples 32 measures 



Second Change 



Four girls waltz to the center. Join right hands and waltz 
one-half way around circle, finishing by stepping into 
position at the side of the boy opposite her own partner 8 measures 

II 
Boys do likewise, finishing at the side of their own partner 8 measures 

III 
Repeat I and IL This brings all back to original places 16 measures 

42 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 43 

IV 
All waltz 32 measures 

Third Change 

I 
Grand Right and Left (waltz step) 16 measures 

II 

Couple I waltz around outside the set 16 measures 

Couples II, III, IV do likewise in succession 48 measures 

III 

Couples I and III change partners and waltz 16 measures 

Couples II and IV likewise 16 measures 

IV 
All waltz around the room with partners as long as desired. 



WALTZ QUADRILLE II 

First change is the same as for Waltz Quadrille I 

Second Change 

CALL 

"First couple down center and there they divide, 
The ladies go right and the gents go left. 
Honor your partner and don't be afraid, 
Swing the corner lady and waltz promenade." 

I (8 MEASURES) 

Couple I joining inside hands advance with waltzing steps to Couple 
III and pass between boy and girl of Couple III. 

"First couple down center and there they divide." 

The boy turns to his left, the girl to her right, each returning outside 
the set to original places. 

"The ladies go right and the gents go left." 




"FIRST COUPLE DOWN CENTER AND THERE THEY DIVIDE, 

THE LADIES GO RIGHT, AND THE GENTS GO LEFT.'- 

Waltz Quadrille II, Figure I. 
44 , 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 45 

II (8 MEASURES) 

ach couple salute 4 measures 

"Honor your partner and don't be afraid." 

Each boy turns to girl at his left and swings her, keeping her 

for his new partner 4 measures 

"Swing the corner lady and waltz promenade." 



Ill (8 MEASURES) 

All waltz once around the set back to boys' original places. 
The dance repeats until girls are with original partners. 
Third change like third change of Waltz Quadrille I. 



THE DEVIL'S DREAM 
Formation Longways, six couples to a set 

B 1 G 2 G 3 G 4 G ff G 6 
Head ' Foot 

T o z a e a * a & a 9 a: 



The boy and girl of the head couple always cross over before beginning 
the dance. 



B I and G l step back one step and slip 'down the outside of set. . 8 counts 

Back 8 counts 

At the same time B and G 6 join hands and slip up the center and back. 



II 

B 6 and G 6 up the outside and back 

while 16 counts 

B * and G l down the center and back. 



Ill 
Ladies chain, Couple I and Couple II 16 counts 



IV 

B 1 and G * cast off one couple. B 2 and G * right and left with 

G 2 and B x 16 counts 

The dance repeats until Couple I reaches the foot of the set. Then 
Couple II becomes the Head couple and the dance repeats over and over. 

46 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 47 



FIREMAN'S DANCE 

Formation In sets of four couples in two lines facing, the sets arranged 
consecutively across the room according to diagram, one set being back to 
back with the sets on either side. 

G 1 B 2 G 

Set I 



i 9 sO s * 
G 1 B 2 G 3 B 



Set II 



Set III 



I 

Boy and girl of Couple I move back a step and slip (walk or 

chasse down the outside of set and back 

while .......................... 16 counts 

Boy and Girl of Couple IV join hands and slip down the center 

and back. 

II 

B x and G x join hands and slip down the center and back 

while ........................ 16 counts 

B 4 and G 4 separate and slip up the outside and back. 



Ill 

Couples I and II Ladies chain 

while ^ counts 

Couples III and IV Right and Left 



IV 

Couples III and IV Ladies chain 

while * 16 counts 

Couples I and II Right and Left. 



48 DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 

V 

All forward and back, slow walking steps 8 counts 

Forward again and pass through to meet a new couple of the next 

set 8 counts 

Thus one line in each set is constantly moving down the room; the other 
up the room. When a line of couples progresses to the outside of the room, 
each boy turns the girl beside him one-half around and waits one dance 
through, beginning again with the next advancing line. 



FISHER'S HORNPIPE 

Formation Two lines facing, girls on one side, boys on the other; six 
couples making the set, 

G 1 G 2 G 3 G 4 G 5 G 6 

T a z a s a * a s a 9 a 
I 

B l and G * step back one step and chasse the outside of set 8 counts 

"First couple down the outside 35 

Back 8 counts 

"Back" 

II 

B x and G 1 join hands and chasse down the center 8 counts 

"Down the center' 7 

Back , 8 counts 

"Back" 

III 

B *, with walking steps, passes behind B 2 , while G l does the same 

with G 2 8 counts 

"Cast off one" 
Couples I, II, III join hands and circle once around left. ........ 8 counts 

"Six hands round" 

IV 

Couples II and I Right and Left, finishing with Couple I in sec 
ond pkce 16 counts 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 49 

The dance repeats over and over from the beginning, Couple I casting 
off one couple each time until reaching the foot of the set. After Couple I 
has cast off three couples, Couple II starts at the head, etc. 



THE MONEY MUSK 

Formation Longways for 6 couples or for as many as wish, every fourth 
couple dancing the same as the first couple. 



Foot 

Q e _> <_ B 6 Boy and girl of Couple I join both hands and 
Q 5 _ _ 5 swing once and a half around left in the 

Q 4 - < B 4 center of the set, finishing with the girl be- 

G 3 -> <- B 3 tween B 2 and B 3 and the boy between G 2 

G 2 _ <_ B 2 and G 3 ............................. 8 counts 



Head 



II 



G I joins hands with B 2 and B 3 ; B x with G 2 and G 3 ; and the 

six advance to the center and back .................... 8 counts 



III 

B * and G * advance to the center, swing three-fourths circle 
around left, finishing with G I between B 3 and G 3 and B * 
between B 2 and G 2 8 counts ' 



IV 

Forward six and back, moving up and down the set 8 counts 



B x and G * advance again and swing three-quarters of a circle 
left, finishing with G x between G 2 and G 3 and B x be 
tween B 2 and B 3 . 8 counts 

(By so doing Couple II has been "cast off.") 



SO DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 

VI 

Couples II and I Right and Left 16 counts 

This Right and Left is always executed with the couple which has just 

been "cast off." 

The dance repeats over and over from the beginning. 

After Couple I has cast off three couples, Couple II begins at the Head, 

etc. 

OPERA REEL 

CALL 

"Outside Heads. 

Back. 

Down the center. 

Back. 

Cast off one 

and 
' Right and left. 

Balance in the center." 

Formation Longways for eight couples 

G 1 G 2 G s G 4 G 5 G e G 7 G 8 
Head Foot 

i a s 3 s a f a s a 9 a i a s a 



B 1 and G 1 step back one step and slip down the outside of set. . 8 counts 

"Outside Heads" 

Back 8 counts 

"Back" 



II 

B * and G 1 join hands and slip down the center of set 8 counts 

"Down the center" 

Back 8 counts 

"Back" 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 51 

III 

B * with walking steps, passes behind B 2 , while G * does the 

same with G 2 , and the four Right and Left 8 counts 

Return 8 counts 

"Cast off one and Right and Left." 

IV 

B * and G l balance in the center and swing 16 counts 

"Balance in the center' 7 

The dance repeats until Couple I reaches the foot of set, casting off one 
couple each time. After Couple I has cast off three couples, Couple II 
starts, etc. 



THE REEL 
The dance may be executed with either skipping or walking steps. 

Formation 

Foot 

B 4 - <- G 4 Four couples one behind another all facing line of direc- 
G 3 - <- B 3 t j on j n t h e O dd COU pi es the boy stands at the girl's left; in 
B 2 - <~ G 2 the even couples the boy stands at the girl's right. 
G a ~^ **""B 1 

Head 

FIGURE I (32 MEASURES) 

1. Couple I, inside hands joined, skip down the room 8 counts 

Return - 8 counts 

(In each return, individuals turn directly about, changing 

hands, coming back in the same path in which they 
advanced.) 

2. Couple I now take Couple II between them and the four 

advance down the room - 8 counts 

Return > 8 counts 

3. Couples I and II now take Couple III between them and ad 

vance 8 counts 

Return - 8 counts 



52 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 




"COUPLE i NOW TAKE COUPLE n BETWEEN THEM AND THE FOUR ADVANCE DOWN THE ROOM" 
Reel, Part 2 of Figure I. 

4. Couples I, II, III, advance with Couple IV in the center 

making a line of eight 8 counts 

Return 8 counts 



FIGURE II (8 MEASURES) 

Formation: In line of eight as in finish of Figure I all facing center 
of line. 

, B x G * B 3 G * B 4 G 3 B 2 G l 



With skipping steps, 16 counts, a new set is formed B 1 and G 1 going 
to the foot of the set, B 2 and G 2 to the head, making the following forma 
tion for the repetition of the dance. 

B 1 G 1 Foot 
G 4 B * 
B 3 G 3 
G 2 B 2 Head 



The dance is repeated in this manner until each couple has been at the 
head. 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 53 



THE TEMPEST 

Formation Eight couples in double line facing each other. There may 
be any number of such sets running side by side across the room. The head 
couple crosses over before beginning. 

B 1 G 2 G 3 G 4 G 5 G 6 G 7 G 8 
Head Foot 

TO *s sH *a s a 9 a i a sa 



I 

B x , G 2 , G * and B * join hands and chasse down the center and 

back, four abreast 16 counts 



II 

B I and G l balance to G 2 and B 2 . 8 counts 

Circle four 8 counts 

III 
Ladies chain, Couple I and II 16 counts 



I 

Couple I now take Couple III and chasse down the center and 

back, finishing below Couple II 16 counts 



II 

Couple I balance to Couple III 8 counts 

Circle four - 8 counts 



III 

Couples I and III Ladies chain 16 counts 

Repeat over and over passing below one couple each time. When Couple 
I reaches the fourth couple of the set, Couple II begins the dance again in 
the head. 



54 DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 

VIRGINIA REEL 

CALL 

"Head lady and foot gent forward and back, 
Forward and swing with the right hand 'round. 
Forward again with the left hand 'round. 
Forward again with both hands 'round. 
Do-si-do. 
Reel. 

Up the center, 
Down the outside, 
Form an arch and balance through. 

Formation Longways for six couples. 

H G 1 G 2 G 3 G 4 G 5 G? F 

e o 

a o 

d B 6 B 5 B 4 B s B 2 B, 1 t 

(Walking chasse, or skipping steps may be used to execute the dance.) 



G * and B 6 advance to meet each other in the center of the set, , 

pay address and move backward to place 8 counts 

B 1 and G 6 do likewise 8 counts 

II 

G * and B 6 advance to meet each other, take right hands, swing 

once about, and move backward to place 8 counts 

B 1 and G tf , the same 8 counts 

III 
Same as II, turning with left hands 16 counts 

IV 
Same as II, swinging with both hands 16 counts 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 55 

V 

G 1 and B 6 do-si-do 8 counts 

B l and G 6 do likewise * 8 counts 

VI 
(16 MEASURES) 

Couple I execute the "reel" B l takes his partner's right hand in his and 
turns her once and a half around, G l now takes left hands with B 2 and 
turns him about ? while B 1 does likewise with G 2 . Couple I meet, give right 
hands and swing once around in the center of the set, B * gives left hand to 
G 3 and G l to B 3 . So they continue down the set meeting with a right hand 
swing below each couple, until they have reached the foot of the set. 

VII 

B l and G * join both hands and chasse up the center to the head; 

then countermarch to the foot all couples following 16 counts 

H y 

o 

/_ cfs or & - Q ; _ GO ft cr 
5 Q\ Q. * ' "" 7 Q.V S Q. v 9 d 

CQ 

VIII 

B l and G 1 form an arch and each successive couple join both 
hands and chasse through the arch to place, leaving Couple 
I at the foot of the set 32 counts 

The dance repeats until each couple has been at the head. 

Then all move forward and back 8 counts 

Forward again; partners swing and promenade away. 



SICILIAN CIRCLE 

Formation Sets of four in double circle around the room, the two couples 
in each set, facing each other. 

M O 

o w 

G B G B 

30 99 



G B G B 

90 90 

W Q 

O W 

I 

Couples forward and back 8 counts 

II 

Four join hands and circle once left 8 counts 

III 
Ladies chain 16 counts 

IV 
Right and Left. 16 counts 

V - 

Promenade across and back 16 counts 

56 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 57 

VI 

Forward and back 8 counts 

Forward and pass through to meet a new couple 8 counts- 

The dance, repeats over and over, couples advancing around the hall. 



WILD IRISHMAN I 

Formation Quadrille with an odd dancer in the center of the set 

CALL 

"Wild Irishman swing at the head, 
Wild Irishman swing at the foot. 
Alemande left, 
Grand Right and Left. 
Wild Irishman swing on the side, 
Wild Irishman swing on the side. 
Alemande left. 
Grand Right and Left." 

I 

The odd dancer swings with the girl of Couple 1 8 counts 

Then with girl of Couple III 8 counts 

"Wild Irishman swing at the head, 
Wild Irishman swing at the foot." 

II 

Alemande left 8 counts 

Grand Right and Left 16 counts 

III 
Repeat I with Couple II and IV 16 counts 

"Wild Irishman swing on the side, 
Wild Irishman swing on the side." 

IV 
Repeat II 24 counts 



58 DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 

As IV is being danced the "Wild Irishman" works in and attempts to 
secure a partner in the set. 

The dance continues over and over as long as desired. 



WILD IRISHMAN II 

CALLER'S SONG 

"My mother and father were Irish, 
My mother and father were Irish, 
My mother, and father were Irish and I am Irish too." 

"The right hand to your partner, 
The left hand to your neighbor, 
The right hand to your partner and all promenade." 

Formation Single circle, facing center. One odd boy in the center. 

I 
All join hands and circle to the left 16 counts 

II 

Boys take partner's right hand and pass by 4 counts 

"The right hand to your partner." 

Boys then turn girls whom they meet one-half around with the left 

hand 4 counts 

"The left hand to your neighbor." 
Boys turn own partner again with right hand. t counts 

"The right hand to your partner.' 1 

Girls take partner's arm for a promenade 4 counts 

"And all promenade." 

Ill 

Partners promenade around the circle 16 counts 

The odd boy tries to secure a partner during the change of hands, and 
the dance repeats over and over from the beginning. 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 59 

PAUL JONES 

Music x\ny lively march or two-step. 

The a Paul Jones" is frequently used at the beginning of a dancing party 
as a social mixer. It brings about a change of partners often and creates a 
great deal of fun. It may be continued as long as desired. In conducting a 
"Paul Jones" the "caller" uses his own originality in the succession of 
changes. The following is an example of a possible sequence of the most 
common changes used in the dance. 

1. Couples march about the room in twos and fours. 

2. All join hands and circle to the left; to the right. 

3. All forward and back. 

4. Right hands to partners and a grand right and left. 

5. All two-step, or swing. 

6. Ladies form a circle in the center, gentlemen on the outside. 

7. Ladies circle to the left, and gentlemen to the right. 

8. All two-step or swing. 

9. All march in twos about the room. 

10. March four abreast. 

11. While marching four abreast, gentlemen stand still and ladies advance, 
passing a given number of groups, then all promenade again; or ladies 
stand still and gentlemen pass on a given number of groups. 

12. Change partners in fours and swing or two-step. 



THE DOUBLE YORKE 

In couples, regular dance position 
Description for boy; girl begins with opposite foot 

I (4 MEASURES) 

Step sideward left count 1 

Draw the right foot back of left and transfer the weight to it count 2 

Step sideward left count 3 

Draw the right foot in front of the left and transfer the weight 

to it count i 

Slide left foot sideward, toe pointed count 2 

Bring left foot back to position , count 3 

Repeat all in same direction 2 measures 



II (4 MEASURES) 

1. Two slides left 2 counts 

Raise left foot sideward count 3 

2. Draw left foot behind right and transfer the weight to it. . count 1 

Step right count 2 

Draw left foot behind right and transfer weight to it count 3 

(In executing the last three counts , the couple make a half 
turn to the boys left.) 

Repeat 1 and 2 starting right 2 measures 

Repeat all as long as desired. 



60 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 61 

POLKA A 

Formation In couples, boy standing somewhat behind and at the left 
of girl. 

Boy holds girl's left hand in his, arms extended sideward, and her right 
hand in his at her right hip. 

(See Illustration) 

I (8 MEASURES) 

1 . Touch left heel sideward 1 count 

Touch left toe to right foot 1 count 

2. Two-step, boy and girl changing sides , . . . 2 counts 

Repeat I and II starting right 4 counts 

Repeat all 8 counts 




"TOUCH LEFT HEEL SIDEWARD" 

Polka A, Part I, 1. 
II (8 MEASURES) 

1. Starting with left foot take four slides left. 4 counts 

2. Repeat, going right ..;... ..... 4 counts 

Repeat 1 and 2 . ... . J . . . . 8 counts 

I and II over and over. 



62 DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 

POLKA B 

Formation Partners facing, hands joined, arms extended sideward 

Boy starts with left foot, girl with right 

Description for Boy 

I (8 MEASURES) 

1. Touch left heel sidewards 1 count 

Touch left toe to right foot 1 count 

2. Two-step left 2 counts 

Repeat 1 and 2 right 4 counts 

Repeat all 8 counts 

II (8 MEASURES) 

Take partner in regular dance position and two-step 8 measures 

Repeat all, over and over. 



THE RACQUET 

Music Captain Jinks (Page 10) 

Formation Couples, in regular dance position 

Description for Boy 

I (8 MEASURES) 

4 slides Right 4 counts 

4 slides Left 4 counts 

1 two-step Right 2 counts 

1 two-step Left 2 counts 

Boys whirl partner completely around right , 4 counts 

II (16 -MEASURES) 
Partners two-step. 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 63 

THE RYE WALTZ 

Formation In couples, waltz position 
Description for boy; girl same, starting with opposite foot 

I (16 MEASURES) 

1. Point left toe sideward 1 count 

. Point left toe slightly in front of right foot 1 count 

Repeat (I) 2 counts 

2. 3 slides left 4 counts 

Repeat 1 and 2 starting right ' 8 counts 

Repeat all 16 counts 

II 

Waltz for 32 measures 



COMING THROUGH THE RYE 

Formation In couples, the boy standing somewhat behind and at the 
left of the girl. Boy holds girl's left hand in his, arms extended sideward, 
and her right hand in his at her right hip. 



I (16 MEASURES) 

1. Point left toe sideward 1 count 

Bring left foot back to position and transfer weight to it 1 count 

Same right 2 counts 

2. 3 slides left. 4 counts 

Repeat 1 and 2 starting right 8 counts 

Repeat all 16 counts 

II 

Partners take waltz position and waltz 32 measures 



64 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 



SCHOTTISCHE A 

Formation as in Polka A 

I (2 MEASURES) 

One schottische step forward beginning right 4 counts 

One schottische step forward beginning left 4 counts 




"STEP-HOP FORWARD, RIGHT" 
Schottische A, Part II 




"STEP-HOP BACKWARD, LEFT" 
Schottische A, Part II 



(The barn dance scottische step is used here and is: step" right, count 1; 
step left, count 2; step right, count 3; hop right swinging left foot forward, 
count 4.) 



Step-hop forward, right, making a quarter turn right 2 counts 

Step-hop backward, left, making a quarter turn left 2 counts 

Repeat above ....,., . . , 4 counts 

Repeat all as often as desired. 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 



65 



SCHOTTISCHE B 

Formation In couples, partners side by side, the boy's right hand at the 
>ack of girl's waist, her left hand resting on his right shoulder. 

Description for boy; girl same, on opposite foot 




SCHOTHSCHE B 

Position for beginning the Military 
Schottische 



I (2 MEASURES) 



khottische forward, beginning left. . 
Schottische forward, beginning right. 



4 counts 
4 counts 



x II (2 MEASURES) 

Partners take regular dance position and the boy turns partner 

completely around with step-hops, starting with the left foot 8 count 
Repeat over and over from beginning. 



66 DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 

TIP-TOE OR ROCK SCHOTTISCHE 

Formation In Couples, facing; hands joined 
Description for boy; girl same, on opposite foot 

I (2 MEASURES) 

1. Hop on right foot striking left toe just in front of right count 1 

Hop right and extend left foot sideward count 2 

Bring left foot to position just behind right foot and trans 
fer weight to it count 3 

Step right with right foot count "and" 

Draw left foot to right, transferring weight to it count 4 

2. Repeat "I" on opposite side 4 counts 

II (6 MEASURES) 

Partners take regular dance position and dance the glide schottische step: 

Slide left count i ' 

Draw right foot up to left transfering weight count 2 

>6 times 
Step left count 3 

Raise step left, swinging right foot behind left count 4 

Repeat all as often as desired. 



SALLY WATERS 
Formation partners facing, hands joined 

I (2 MEASURES) 

Hop left and strike right heel forward 2 counts 

Hop right and strike left heel forward 2 counts 

Hop left and strike right heel forward 1 count 

Hop right and strike left heel forward 1 count 

Hop left and strike right heel forward and hold 2 counts 



DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 
II (2 MEASURES) 



Partners take 4 slides to boys left 

Partners take 4 slides to boys right 

Repeat I and II starting with opposite foot 
Repeat dance over and over 



4 counts 
4 counts 



VARSOVIENNE 

Formation In couples, boy standing somewhat behind and at the left 
of girl. 

I (8 MEASURES) 

1. Swing foot across right 1 count 

Step left . . . 1 count 

Draw right foot up to left foot and transfer weight to it. ... 1 count 

Repeat ... 3 counts 




VARSOVIENNE 

First count of Figure I as it is 
executed when dancers take regu 
lar dance position 




VARSOVIENNE 

The "point" of Figure I, 
Part 2, as taken when part 
ners are in regular dance 
position 



68 DANCES OR OUR PIONEERS 

* 

2. Swing left foot across right 1 count 

Girl and boy change sides with a step left and a step right. . 2 counts 

Step left 1 count 

Point right toe sideward and hold 2 counts 

Repeat 1 and 2, starting right 12 counts 



II (8 MEASURES) 

1. Swing left foot across right count 1 

Girl and boy change sides with a step left and a step right, 

girl passing in front of boy 2 counts 

Step left count 1 

Point right toe sideward and hold 2 counts 

Repeat I starting right 6 counts 

Repeat I starting left 6 counts 

Girl turns to face boy. Couple take waltz position 6 counts 



III 

Partners waltz 8 measures 

The dance repeats over and over from the beginning. 

The dance may also be done just the same in regular dance position, the 
above description being for the boy; the girl starting with the opposite foot. 

The following change will need to be made: 

Part II of I, boy swings partner completely around 3 counts 

Boy steps left count 1 

Boy points right, girl left 2 counts 



INDEX 

Hand Book Page Music Pagi 

Alemande Left ! 

Alemande Right i 

Balance !!!!!!"".!!!"! I 

Bear Went Over the Mountain,* The ' '. 25 

Captain Jinks in 

Cast Off i 1U 

Chasse '...".*'.'.'.'.".".'." 2 

Circle, The 23 

Coming Through the Rye 63 28 

Devil's Dream, The 46 15 

Do-Si-Do 2 

Double Yorke, The 60 

Fireman's Dance 47 1 6 

Fisher's Hornpipe 4g . ^ 

From a Man to a Jug 27 

Grand Chain 2 

Grand Right and Left 2 

Grand Right and Left with Elbow Swing 2 

Honor Partners 2 

Honor Corners 2 

Irish Washerwoman, The 24 

Jig Figures 39 to 41 

''Ladies Chain" or "Ladies Change" 2 

Ladies Double Chain 2 

Longways Formation 3 

McDonald's Reel 22 

Money Musk, The 49 lg 

,0ne Heart One Soul , 26 

Opera Reel 50 19 

Paul Jones 59 

Pay Address 3 

Polka A 61 

Polka B 62 

Promenade 3 

Promenade Across . 3 

Quadrille I ..: 7 5,6,7 

Quadrille II 11 5, 6, 7 

Quadrille III 16 5,6,7 

Quadrille IV 19 8,9,10 

Quadrille V 21 11,12,13 

Quadrille VI 24 5,6,7 

Quadrille Formation 3 

Quadrilles , 5 

Raquet, The , 62 

Reel, The 51 

Right and Left 3 

Rock Schottische 66 

Rye Waltz, The 63 28 

Sally Waters 66 30,31 

Salute Partners 3 

Schottische A 64 29 

Schottische B 65 29 

Second Changes (extra) 27 to 38 

69 



70 DANCES OF OUR PIONEERS 

Hand Book Page Music Page 

Set 4 

Sicilian Circle 56 

Star with Eight Hands 4 

Star with Left Hand 4 

Star with Right Hand 4 

Swing Partners 4 

Tempest, The 53 21 

Tip-toe or Rock Schottische 66 29 

Turkey in the Straw 20 

Valse 14 

Varsovienne 67 32 

Virginia Reel 54 22 

Waltz Quadrille I 42 14 

Waltz Quadrille II 44 

Wild Irishman I 57 

Wild Irishman II 58 



MM 





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